Resources and Readings on Racism

Copyright © 2019 Maureen E. McCauley
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Here are some basic definitions of a few terms often used in discussions about racial equity. There is a lot of material available; we encourage you to do more research.

Ally vs. Accomplice: An ALLY engages in activism by standing with a marginalized individual or group. An ACCOMPLICE focuses on dismantling the oppressive structures that keep people marginalized, led by stakeholders in the marginalized group. (Source: Teaching Tolerance)

Micro-Aggressions: Small daily insults and indignities perpetrated against marginalized or oppressed people, including against people of color. Regular exposure to micro aggressions causes a person of color to feel isolated and invalidated. (Source: So You Want to Talk About Race, by Ijeoma Olua)

Prejudice vs. Racism: Prejudice is an attitude based on limited information, often on stereotypes, and can be positive or negative. Racism is a system of advantage based on race, a system of oppression based on race, and a system of white supremacy. (Source:

Systemic Racism: How the racist and discriminatory practices of institutions intersect to create a network of opportunity for white people while blocking opportunity for people of color (Source: Frequently cited examples are disparities in health care for black women, pay differences/wealth gaps among different races, incarceration rates, suspension rates for black children, access to housing, likelihood of being pulled over by police, and more.

Other types of racism: Casual, structural, cultural, environmental, internalized, institutional, colorism, and more.

White Privilege: Having greater access to power and resources than people of color (in the same situation) do. (Source: Teaching Tolerance) It doesn’t mean that white people don’t struggle, or work hard, or have difficult challenges. It means your skin color isn’t one of the things making it harder. More info at


From Color-Blind to Color-Brave: Conversation building blocks to talk with kids about race

10 Children’s Books Handling Race and Identity in a Smart Way

Privileged—An article by white NBA Player Kyle Korver about racism and white privilege

Redefining Process to Close Gaps

Want to Close Achievement Gaps? Close Relationship Gaps

Avoiding Racial Equity

Dear White Teachers: You Can’t Love Your Black Students If You Don’t Know Them

Why Restorative Justice Is About More than Reducing Suspensions

“I’ve Never Had a Black Teacher:” Seattle Students Discuss How Educators’ Lack of Diversity Has Affected Them

White Teachers Three Times as Negative with Black Students, Rutgers Study Finds

The Racist History of Mispronouncing Names

Talking Race, Controversy, and Trauma

Why James Baldwin’s ‘A Talk To Teachers’ Remains Relevant 54 Years Later

Ten Simple Ways White People Can Step Up to Fight Everyday Racism

Ten Ways to Fight Hate: A Community Resource Guide

Five Valuable Ways to Use Your White Privilege to Fight Anti-Black Racism

How to talk to kids about racism: An age-by-age guide

What it means to be black in the American educational system

Study: Americans Adultify Black Girls as Less Innocent Than Their White Peers

We cannot teach race without addressing what it means to be “white”

Reading Racism in Dr. Seuss

We need to deal with our discomfort and talk to our kids about racism

Approaching Race in the Classroom, Actively

But I didn’t mean it! Why it’s so hard to prioritize impacts over intent

Intent vs. Impact: Revisiting Why “All Lives” Can’t Matter if “Black Lives” Don’t

Micro-Aggressions Matter

 Why People of Color Need Spaces Without White People

White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack

Diversity Toolkit: A Guide to Discussing Identity, Power, And Privilege

White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard to Talk With White People About Racism

Anti-Racist Handout: Basic Tenets of Anti-Racist Education

Strategies and Resources For Talking About Race With Young Children

100 Race-Conscious Things to Say to Your Child to Advance Racial Justice

Your 5-year-old is already racially biased. Here’s what you can do about it.

Reading and Listening

Tonya Mosley: Black in Seattle KUOW

So You Want to Talk About Race by Ijeoma Oluo;Interview with author

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates

Stamped From the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America
and How to Be an Anti-Racist, both by Ibram X. Kendi

Kimberlé Crenshaw’s many books, including Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color

The National Black Lives Matter Week of Action in Our Schools

Embrace Race: Raising a Brave Generation

Raising Race-Conscious Children

Teaching Tolerance: Educating for a Diverse Democracy

Black-Led Racial Justice Organizations


Copyright © 2019 Maureen E. McCauley
For more information: